What they all have in common as they enter our nation’s child welfare systems is the need for safe and stable homes. What too many will have in common as they make their way through those systems is the stuff of nightmares. Some will be separated from their siblings. Many will be bounced from one unstable foster care placement to another, never knowing when their lives will be uprooted next. Some will suffer additional abuse and neglect at the hands of the people entrusted with their protection. Many will be denied adequate health care, education, and other fundamental necessities. Some will be warehoused in institutions and group homes — the modern-day equivalent of the orphanages of old — and many will languish in foster care for years, without any prospect of growing up in stable, permanent homes. And many of these children will be seriously, permanently damaged as a result.